Gaza (English pronunciation: /ˈɡɑːzə/)(Arabicغزة‎ Ġazzah, also referred to as Gaza City, is a Palestinian city in theGaza Strip, with a population of 515,556, making it the largest city in the Palestinian territories. Inhabited since at least the 15th century BC, Gaza has been dominated by several different peoples and empires throughout its history. The Philistines made it a part of their pentapolis after the Ancient Egyptians had ruled it for nearly 350 years.