Khujand (Tajik: Хуҷанд, Uzbek: Хўжанд, Xoʻjand; Russian: Худжанд Khudzhand), formerly Khodjend orKhodzhent until 1936 and Leninabad (Leninobod, Ленинобод) until 1991, is the second-largest city ofTajikistan. It is situated on the Syr Darya River at the mouth of the Fergana Valley. The population of the city is 149,000 (2000 census), down from 160,000 in 1989. It is also the capital of the northernmost province of Tajikistan, now called Sughd.